History of baran

Before Indian independence in 1947 most of present-day baran District was part of the princely state of Kota, although Shahabad tehsil was a discontinuous portion of Jhalawar princely state, and Chhabra tehsil was a discontinuous portion of Tonk princely state. After Indian independence, The rulers of the princely states acceded to the Government of India, and the present-day baran District was made part of Kota District. baran District was carved out of Kota District on April 10, 1991. baran in siuated at 70km from kota.
Located in the south-eastern part of Rajasthan, baran is a relatively new district of Rajasthan with a rich heritage of medieval Indian settlement and picturesque geographical locales. baran was a part of Kota district until 1991, and got its name from the town baran which also happens to be the district head quarters. There are several theories on the origin of the name 'baran' . Some say it was built out of 12 villages and hence the name, while others believe that the town was given its shape by 12 villagers. Its history dates back to the 14th century when it was an important city of the Solanki Rajputs. baran has the second highest rainfall in Rajasthan, which also posits one more possibility for the name 'baran' means 'rain' in Urdu. baran is a rare treasure of medieval architecture and archeology. Many ruined temples and old fortresses collectively give the place a rich historical heritage. It has vast expanses of isolated areas that provide a marked contrast baran town is carved out of Kota city is situated further into the Hadoti region of Rajasthan. The region is less crowed and attracts tourists who like to wander through isolated areas and in the interiors one can chance upon a ruined temple here and an abandoned fortress there. There are wooded hills and valleys that provide shelter to a large variety of wildlife of Rajesthan. One can visit Sitabari a beautiful picnic spot dotted with old temples of Sita and Laxman beside seven water tanks. Sitabari is also venue for a tribal fair held in the months of May-June in baran city of Rajasthan.